Parental alienation involves a parent attempting to negatively interfere with a child's relationship with the other parent. An alienating parent may lie to a child, or place that child in a position of disliking the other, for no valid reason. Social science continues to evolve on the subject, which has not been universally accepted.

Is your relationship with your child suddenly tense? Do you suspect that your ex may have played a role in your parenting struggles? Your current emotional turmoil may best be explained by parental alienation.

A common, yet under-discussed phenomenon, parental alienation (PA) occurs when one parent psychologically manipulates his or her children into demonstrating an

Perhaps your previously happy-go-lucky children have now become withdrawn and even hostile towards you following your divorce. You might also notice that they seem more agitated after spending time with your former spouse. Could your kids be suffering from Parental Alienation Syndrome (PAS), a condition in which a brainwashed child acts out toward a targeted

Parental Alienation Syndrome (PAS) refers to specific negative behaviors that children exhibit when one parent intentionally turns them against the other parent. This manipulation radically alters the family dynamic. Left unchecked, it can be nearly impossible to reverse the brainwashing.

History of PAS

Psychiatrist Richard Gardner introduced the concept of Parental Alienation in 1985 after

Divorce proceedings, and their aftermath, can stir up complicated emotions – sometimes causing parents to lose sight of what’s most important: ensuring happy, healthy lives for their children and healing from past pain.

Unfortunately, pressures from the divorce as well as other triggers (e.g. financial problems and psychological distress) cause some parents to say